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华师《英语语言学入门》在线作业-0001

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华师《英语语言学入门》在线作业-0001


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1.The sentence “They were wanted to remain quiet and not to expose themselves.” is a ( ) sentence.
A.simple
B.coordinate
C.compound
D.complex
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2.Words that are close in meaning are called ( ).
A.homonyms
B.polysemies
C.hyponyms
D.synonyms
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3.According to F. de Saussure, ( ) refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the mem- bers of a speech community.
A.parole
B.performance
C.langue
D.Language
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4.( ) is advanced by Paul Grice
A.Cooperative Principle
B.Politeness Principle
C.The General Principle of Universal Grammar
D.Adjacency Principle
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5.“We shall know a word by the company it keeps.” This statement represents ( ).
A.the conceptualist view
B.contexutalism
C.the naming theory
D.behaviorism
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6.Language can be used to refer to contexts removed from the immediate situations of the speaker. This feature is called ( )
A.displacement
B.duality
C.flexibility
D.cultural transmission
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7.The head of the phrase “the city Rome” is ( ).
A.the city
B.Rome
C.city
D.the city Rome
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8.The morpheme "vision" in the common word "television" is a(n) ( ) .
A.bound morpheme
B.bound form
C.inflectional morpheme
D.free morpheme
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9.According to Searle, the illocutionary point of the representative is ( ).
A.to get the hearer to do something
B.to commit the speaker to something’s being the case
C.to commit the speaker to some future course of action
D.to express the feelings or attitude towards an existing state of affairs
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10.Which of the following is NOT true?( )
A.Sense is concerned with the inherent meaning of the linguistic form.
B.Sense is the collection of all the features of the linguistic form.
C.Sense is abstract and decontextualized.
D.Sense is the aspect of meaning dictionary compilers are not interested in.
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1.Words can be identified in terms of ( )
A.a minimum free form
B.stability
C.relative unint erruptibility
D.variable or not
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2.Which of the followings are stops? ( )
A.[p]
B.[b]
C.[t]
D.[z]
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3.Which of the followings are labiodentals? ( )
A.[v]
B.[b]
C.[t]
D.[f]
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4.Which of the followings are simple vowels? ( )
A./ɑ:/
B./ ?:/
C./ ?:/
D./??/
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5.Which of the followings are alveolars ? ( )
A.[t]
B.[d]
C.[s]
D.[f]
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6.Which of the followings are velars ? ( )
A.[k]
B.[g]
C.[s]
D.[f]
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7.Which of the followings are nasals? ( )
A.[m]
B.[θ]
C.[n]
D.[v]
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8.Which of the followings are interdentals? ( )
A.[p]
B.[e]
C.[t]
D.[θ]
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9.Which of the followings are not nasals? ( )
A.[m]
B.[θ]
C.[k]
D.[v]
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10.Which of the followings are not simple vowels? ( )
A./e?/
B./a?/
C./?:/
D./??/
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1.In modern linguistic studies, the written form of language is given more emphasis than the spoken form for a number of reasons.( )
T.对
F.错
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2.Language refers to the abstract innate system, however, parole refers to the outcome or what we actually utter/write.( )
T.对
F.错
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3.Realations between meanings of words can be synonymy, antonymy or hyponymy.( )
T.对
F.错
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4.The division of English into Old English, Middle English, and Modern English is nonconventional and not arbitrary.( )
T.对
F.错
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5.Dialectal synonyms can often be found in different regional dialects such as British English and American English but cannot be found within the variety itself, for example, within British English or American English. ( )
T.对
F.错
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6.Phone is a phonological unit.( )
T.对
F.错
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7.In most bilingual communities, two languages have the same in speech situations known as domains. ( )
T.对
F.错
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8.If a child is deprived of linguistic environment, he or she is unlikely to learn a language successfully later on.( )
T.对
F.错
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9.The major difference between a sentence and an utterance is that a sentence is not uttered while an utterance is.
T.对
F.错
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10.The first pragmatic theory is Conversational Implicature.( )
T.对
F.错
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