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华中师《英语词汇学》在线作业-0005

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华中师《英语词汇学》在线作业-0005


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1.( )Homophones are often employed to create puns for desired effects of: ____
A.humour
B.sarcasm
C.ridicule
D.all the above
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2.( )The Norman Conquest started a continual flow of French words into English._________ of them are still in use today.
A.85%
B.56%
C.72%
D.75%
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3.( ) He’s nice, but he hasn’t much brain. _________.
A.Simile
B.metaphor
C.Metonymy
D.synecdoche
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4.( )Modern English began with the establishment of ________ in England.
A.printing
B.Bourgeois Revolution
C.Industrial Revolution
D.Renaissance Time
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5.( )There are two main approaches to the study of English words namely ________.
A.descriptive and prescriptive
B.synchronic and diachronic
C.spoken and written
D.competence and performance
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6.( )The derivational process, in which an item is converted to a new word class without the addition of an affix, is called ____________.
A.compounding
B.back-formation
C.functional shift
D.derivation
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7.( )Grammatical meaning does not include ________.
A.part of speech
B.plural forms of nouns
C.tenses
D.appropriateness
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8.( )The first people known to inhabit the British Isles were ________. Their languages were dialects of still another branch of the In-do-European Language Family ________.
A.German / Germanic
B.Celts / Celtic
C.Italian / Italic
D.Sweden / Swedish
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9.( ) Stylistic meaning may be defined as the feature of ________ of words.
A.formality
B.affectiveness
C.appropriateness
D.part of speech
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10.( )“child—parent” are _______ antonyms.
A.root
B.derivative
C.relative
D.complementary
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1.Compounds are different from free phrases in all the following ways including _______.
A.semantics
B.grammar
C.phonetics
D.lexicology
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2.Which of the following words are formed through clipping? [ ]
A.Dorm
B.motel
C.Gent
D.Zoo
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3.Which of the following words are not functional words?
A.often
B.never
C.although
D.desk
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4.Which of the following is a stylistic feature of idioms?
A.Colloquia
B.Slang
C.Negative
D.Literary
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5.The word "miniskirt" is not _______.
A.morphologically motivated
B.etymologically motivated
C.semantically motivated
D.none of the above
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6.In the early period of Middle English,English,____ and ____existed side by side.
A.Celtic and Danish
B.Danish and French
C.French
D.Latin
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7.Which of the following words are formed through clipping?
A.Dorm
B.motel
C.Gent
D.Zoo
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8.Rhetorical features are shown in such respects of _______and_______as well as _______.
A.phonetic
B.lexical manipulation
C.idiomatic variation
D.figure of speech
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9.If two main constituents of an idiom share the same initial sound, it is not called _______.
A.repetition
B.alliteration
C.rhyme
D.none of the above
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10.The ways of vocabulary development in present-day English is _______.
A.borrowing
B.semantic change
C.creation of new words
D.referring
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1.“All national character” is the most important of all the five characteristics of the basic word stock.
T.对
F.错
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2.In the process of “Radiation” the derived meanings of words are not? directly related to the primary meaning.
T.对
F.错
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3.Linguistic context provides clues for guessing meanings of new words.
T.对
F.错
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4.Reference refers to the relationship between different languages.
T.对
F.错
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5.Inflectional morphemes are added to the end of words to show grammatical concepts.
T.对
F.错
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6.By origin, English words can be classified as “native words” and “loan words”.
T.对
F.错
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7.The diachronic approach to polysemy is to find how a word gradually???? acquires its meanings in the process of development.
T.对
F.错
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8.In some pairs of antonyms, the marked terms cover the meaning of the unmarked.
T.对
F.错
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9.Aliens, semantic loans, translation-loans and denizens are all borrowings.
T.对
F.错
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10.The minimal free form of a language is a morpheme.
T.对
F.错
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