1.Doctors’ salaries have risen substantially, ( ) nurses’ pay has actually fallen.
B.in spite of
2.These women live in New York City where it may be difficult to ( ) a way of living that would be affordable for their budgets.
3.Listening to Larry’s stories just made me feel ( ).
4.We see many special education directors trying to ( )the quality of their programs with much less money and much smaller staff.
5.In general, smokers living in cities are slightly more ( ) to lung cancer than smokers who are living in the country.
6.For people who live in industrialized countries, it is hard to conceive ( )living without electricity and other modern conveniences.
7.He was found guilty and was ( ) in the Tower of London, where he died very quickly, aged only 47.
8.He tests the ways young chess players and athletes ( ）their brains while playing, so that he can evaluate each one’s potential for success.
9.My advice to Mr. Stewart is to think carefully before entering into a career in medicine, as this is a field which requires a lot of ( ) and long working hours.
10.One of the biggest problems for immigrants everywhere is whether they will be about to ( )with the local people effectively.
11.Children should be allowed to ( ) those few years of innocence before they have to learn the truth about the real world.
12.From a practical ( ), how can you reduce production costs and at the same time minimize the risks involved?
13.Many people simply say that they want something, but they do not expend the substantial effort( )to achieve it.
A.what is required
B.that is requiring
14.I’d always loved water and ( ) a good swimmer until last summer, when I’d decided to climb up to the highest diving board at the pool.
15.He resigned, depressed at the way that war and revolution have torn the country and families ( ).
16.He( ) his lifestyle in London with Pagnol’s vision of Provence.
B.was in comparison
17.Child mortality decreased due to improvements in medical care and greater attention to problems related to proper ( ).
18.Researchers have shown that ( ) can elevate mood, improve creativity and enhance sleep in many but not all people.
19.The ( ) I received from the people I met in the Maldives really made my holiday very special.
20.He knows that the ( )of social status can consume vast amounts of his time and effort.
1.Earthquakes may rightly be ranked as one of the most destructive forces known to man: since records began to be written down, it has been estimated that earthquake-related fatalities have numbered in the millions, and that earthquake-related destruction has been beyond calculation. The greater part of such damage and loss of life has been due to the collapse of buildings and the effects of rockslides, floods, fire, disease, tsunamis (gigantic sea waves), and other observable events resulting from earthquakes, rather than from the quakes themselves. The great majority of all earthquakes occur in two specific geographic areas. One such area covers the Pacific Ocean and its bordering landmasses. The other extends from the East Indians to the Atlas Mountains, including the Himalayas, Iran, Turkey, and the Alpine regions. It is in these two great belts or zones that ninety percent of all earthquakes take place; they may, however, happen anywhere at any time. This element of the unknown has for centuries added greatly to the dread and horror surrounding earthquakes, but in recent times there have been indications that earthquake forecast may be possible. By analyzing changes in animal behavior, patterns of movements in the earth’s shell, variations in the earth’s force of attraction, and the frequency with which minor earth shakes are observed, scientists have shown increasing success in predicting when and where earthquakes will strike. As a result, a worldwide earthquake warning network is already in operation and has helped to prepare for (and thus lessen) the vast destruction that might otherwise have been totally unexpected. It is doubtful that man will ever be able to control earthquakes and get rid of their destructiveness altogether, but as how and why earthquakes happen become better understood, man will become more and more able to deal with their possible damage before they occur.
2.A 10-year-old boy decided to study judo (柔道), although he had lost his left arm in a devastating car accident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo master. The boy did well, so he couldn’t understand why, after three months of training, the master had taught him only one move. “Master,” the boy finally said, “shouldn’t I be learning more moves？” “This is the only move you know, but this is the only move you’ll ever need to know,” his master replied. Not quite understanding, but believing in his teacher, the boy kept training. Several months later, the master took the boy to his first tournament (锦标赛). Surprising himself, the boy easily won his first three matches, using his one move to win. Still amazed by his success, the boy was now in the finals. This time, his opponent was bigger, stronger, and more experienced. For a while, the boy appeared to be outmatched. Concerned about the boy, the referee (裁判) called a time-out. He was about to stop the match when the master came forward. “No,” the master insisted, “Let him continue.” Soon after the match resumed, his opponent made a fatal mistake. He dropped his guard. Instantly, the boy used his move to pin (钉住) him. The boy won the match and became the champion. On the way home, the boy and his master reviewed every match. Then the boy summoned the courage to ask what was really in his mind. “Master, how did I win the tournament with only one move?” “You won for two reasons,” his master answered. “First, you’ve almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. And second, the only known defense for that move is for your opponent to catch your left arm.”
1.It isn’t very often that the media lead (1)## the same story everywhere in the world. Such an event would have to be of enormous international (2)##. But this is exactly what (3)## in September 2001 (4) ## the terrorist attack on the TwinTowers of the World Trade Center in New York. It is probably not (5)## to say that from that moment the world was a different place. But it is not just the (6)## and international dimension that made 9/11 (7)## and newsworthy. It was the shock and horror too. So striking, so sensational, was the news (8)##, years after the event, many people can still remember exactly (9)## they were and what they were doing when they first heard it. They can remember their own reactions: For many people across the globe their first instinct was to go and tell someone else about it, thus providing (10)## of the old saying that bad news travels fast.
2.George lived (1)##his own in a flat in south London. He lived alone by (2)##, because he felt (3)##by the stupidity of people and the (4)##of his surroundings. (5)##we all know, London is not a beautiful city today, and the climate is unpleasant. For George, the city was like an over-familiar elderly lady, who in the right light, reminded him (6)##her past beauty, but (7)##had lately become rather tiresome. His lifestyle was modest and his financial circumstances allowed him (8)##his days in an old and comfortable armchair, (9)##a dressing gown and reading great works of literature. (10)##his cynical and pessimistic nature, he especially enjoyed the classic works of travel writing, so that from the deep warmth of his armchair, he could travel in his mind to the farthest reaches of the world.