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21秋《英语语言学》作业2-00001

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21秋《英语语言学》作业2-00001


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1._________ deals with the relationship between the linguistic element and the non-linguistic world of experience.
A.Reference
B.Concept
C.Semantics
D.Sense
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2.A sentence is a _________ concept, and the meaning of a sentence is often studied in isolation.
A.pragmatic
B.grammatical
C.mental
D.conceptual
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3.___serves as a mediating area which interprets the results of linguistic theories and make them user-friendly to the language teacher and learner.
A.Applied linguistics
B.Sociolinguistics
C.Psycholinguistics
D.Computational linguistics
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4.A sentence is considered ____ when it does not conform to the grammatical knowledge in the mind of native speakers.
A.right
B.wrong
C.grammatical
D.ungrammatical
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5.The morpheme “vision” in the common word “television” is a(n) ______.
A.bound morpheme
B.bound form
C.inflectional morpheme
D.free morpheme
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6.The sound /f/ is _________________.
A.voiced palatal affricate
B.voiced alveolar stop
C.voiceless velar fricative
D.voiceless labiodental fricative
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7.Which of the following is not true?
A.Sense is concerned with the inherent meaning of the linguistic form
B.Sense is the collection of all the features of the linguistic form
C.Sense is abstract and decontextualized
D.Sense is the aspect of meaning dictionary compilers are not interested in
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8.If a linguistic study describes and analyzes the language people actually use, it is said to be _______.
A.Prescriptive
B.Analytic
C.Descriptive
D.Linguistic
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9.Of all the speech organs, the _______ is/are the most flexible.
A.mouth
B.lips
C.tongue
D.vocal cords
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10.According to F. de Saussure, _______ refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community.
A.parole
B.performance
C.langue
D.Language
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11.A(n) ___________ is a unit that is of distinctive value. It is an abstract unit, a collection of distinctive phonetic features.
A.phone
B.sound
C.allophone
D.phoneme
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12.___ is the degree to which a test measures what it is meant to measure.
A.Reliability
B.Validity
C.Error
D.Mistake
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1.The study of the ways in which morphemes can be combined to form words is called morphology.
A.错误
B.正确
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2.In semantics, meaning of language is considered as the intrinsic and inherent relation to the physical world of experience.
A.错误
B.正确
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3.Phonetics is different from phonology in that the latter studies the combinations of the sounds to convey meaning in communication.
A.错误
B.正确
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4.A scientific study of language is based on what the linguist thinks.
A.错误
B.正确
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5.Syntax is a subfied of linguistics that studies the sentence structure of language, including the combination of morphemes into words.
A.错误
B.正确
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6.Phonology is concerned with how the sounds can be classified into different categories.
A.错误
B.正确
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7.What essentially distinguishes semantics and pragmatics is whether in the study of meaning the context of use is considered.
A.错误
B.正确
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8.Delicacy refers to the dimension which recognises increasing depth of detail.
A.错误
B.正确
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