1.Child labor, the employment of children in industry, often against their will, has been a problem for many years. Over a hundred years ago, Charles Dickens shocked many of his readers when he described the conditions under which young children worked in British factories. The conditions Dickens described continue almost unchanged today in many parts of the world. The only difference is that today employment of children is confined to small industries and family businesses, such as hotels, restaurants and particularly farms, rather than to large factories. Girls suffer more from child labor practices than boys. Many of them are forced to start work when they are only ten years old. Although the work they are given to do is often light, it is often harmful to their health. Recently, children as young as six years were found to be working in Asian factories, and the children were working from eight to fourteen hours a day in overcrowded and unhealthy working conditions. Sometimes a whole family group is employed, with the payment going to a parent or older relative. The children not only receive nothing or very little for their long hours of work, but also they are prevented from attending schools. Therefore, when they become older they are unable to do any other kind of work. The solution to the problem of child labor is clearly better laws to protect young children, greater supervision of industry and heavier fines for those who break the laws. Only in this way can young boys and girls be allowed to enjoy the most valuable time of their lives-childhood.
2.What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear. We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental (done with the mind) exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists think that parents play with their children more often, and given them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent. Parents should also be careful what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children, such as “That was a very clever thing you did” or “You are such a smart child.”
1.( ) Jerry at 8 o’clock. He will have had his breakfast by then.
2.The Chinese food( ) good.
3.If the rain doesn’t stop, people will be faced( ) serious flooding.
4.The theory of class currently prevailing in the West is( ) based on what Max Weber, a German sociologist, proposed.
5.His answer was so confusing that I could hardly make any( ) of it at all.
6.I don’t think his remarks are relevant( ) our discussion.
7.In recent years much more emphasis has been put( ) developing the students’ productive skills.
8.The pilot of the plane is( ) for the passengers’ safety.
9.You must speak slowly, so that you can make yourself( ).
D.to be understood
10.By the time he arrives in Beijing, we( ) here for two days.
B.have been staying
C.will have stayed
1.Each morning, millions of us turn on our radios and televisions for the weather forecast. Do the cloudy skies mean rain? Will rising temperatures bring a ## to melt snow and ice? Once we hear the forecast, we decide what clothes to wear and ## to carry an umbrella or not. ## , though, weather forecasts are ## incorrect. Yes, though the accuracy of forecasts has improved ## in recent years, predicting the weather is a fascinating mixture of art and science that is far from ## . What is involved in predicting the weather, and how reliable are weather forecasts? Today, weathermen have some advanced tools ## , the most basic of which measure air pressure, temperature, humidity, and wind. Predicting the weather, however, is not all hard science. The computers can only give some descriptions of the behavior of the atmosphere. Furthermore, even an accurate forecast for a large area may not take ## the effect of local area on the weather. So some ## of art is also necessary. Here is where a weather forecast comes in. He uses his experience and judgment to determine what value to ## on the data he receives. This allows him to make a more accurate forecast.
5.Writing : Your essay should be no less than 150 words. What is the focus or the most important task for students, study or housework? Write an essay on the topic “Should We Learn to Do Housework?”. You should base your essay on the outline below: 1.学生应否学做家务？有人热为应该。 2.有人认为没必要。 3.我的观点。##