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22春学期(高起本1709-1803、全层次1809-2103)《大学英语(三)》在线作业-00001

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22春学期(高起本1709-1803、全层次1809-2103)《大学英语(三)》在线作业-00001


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1.The happiness in his marriage did not mean he ( ) tragedy: He lost his daughter Katia 10 years later.
A.be immune to
B.be immune from
C.be let through
D.be let out
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2.He has been ( ) by a horrible disease, from which one of his best friends died two weeks ago.
A.convicted
B.confronted
C.conflicted
D.afflicted
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3.Could you please ( ) an appointment for me to see Mr. Smith?
A.manage
B.arrange
C.take
D.prepare
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4.Researchers have shown that ( ) can elevate mood, improve creativity and enhance sleep in many but not all people.
A.fabric
B.fragment
C.fragrance
D.facility
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5.Three more nuclear power stations were built( ) widespread opposition.
A.though
B.even though
C.despite
D.even if
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6.( ) is defined as the inability to pay for your basic needs.
A.Poor
B.Poverty
C.Power
D.Powder
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7.The new president said she would ( )herself to protecting the rights of the old and the homeless.
A.dedicated
B.dedicate
C.dedication
D.decorate
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8.When a major news story breaks, most people ( ) the online or television media.
A.turn back
B.turn to
C.turn around
D.turn in
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9.People ( ) canned food and old clothes most frequently, but rarely do they think about bringing in underwear.
A.donate
B.devote
C.dictate
D.decide
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10.These women live in New York City where it may be difficult to ( ) a way of living that would be affordable for their budgets.
A.construct
B.contact
C.contrive
D.contribute
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11.In general, smokers living in cities are slightly more ( ) to lung cancer than smokers who are living in the country.
A.probe
B.prone
C.proceed
D.process
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12.At a conference in Beijing, Mr. Li apparently received more ( ) than any other speaker even though he made the shortest speech of the entire day.
A.applaud
B.applause
C.approve
D.appointment
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13.From a practical ( ), how can you reduce production costs and at the same time minimize the risks involved?
A.standstill
B.stool
C.status
D.standpoint
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14.The court ruled that this man ( ) his political rights for a future four years after he has served his 13-year sentence.
A.be got rid of
B.be turned down
C.be deprived from
D.be deprived of
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15.He knows that the ( )of social status can consume vast amounts of his time and effort.
A.pursue
B.pursuit
C.purse
D.pure
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16.The ( ) I received from the people I met in the Maldives really made my holiday very special.
A.hospitality
B.hostility
C.hospital
D.host
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17.The wrongly accused man asked for extra compensation to ( )the stress he had suffered during the case.
A.make up
B.make out
C.make up for
D.make up with
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18.Thomas Edison ran away from school ( ) his teacher whipped him repeatedly for asking too many questions.
A.because of
B.because
C.due to
D.owing to
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19.We see many special education directors trying to ( )the quality of their programs with much less money and much smaller staff.
A.maintain
B.attain
C.attach
D.retain
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20.He tests the ways young chess players and athletes ( )their brains while playing, so that he can evaluate each one’s potential for success.
A.utilize
B.employ
C.apply
D.appoint
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1.The practice of students endlessly copying letters and sentences from a blackboard is a thing of the past. With the coming of new technologies like computers and smartphones, writing by hand has become something of nostalgic (怀旧的) skill. However, while today’s educators are using more and more technology in their teaching, many believe basic handwriting skills are still necessary for students to be successful both in school and in life. Virginia Berninger, professor of educational psychology at the University of Washington, says it’s important to continue teaching handwriting and help children acquire the skill of writing by hand. Berninger and her colleagues conducted a study that looked at the ability of students to complete various writing tasks both on a computer and by hand. The study, published in 2009, found that when writing with a pen and paper, participants wrote longer essays and more complete sentences and had a faster word production rate.      In a more recent study, Berninger looked at what role spelling plays in a student’s writing skills and found that how well children spell is tied to know well they can write. “Spelling makes some of the thinking parts of the brain active, which helps us access our vocabulary, word meaning and concepts. It is allowing our written language to connect with ideas.” Berninger said.      Spelling helps students translate ideas into words in their mind first and then to transcribe(转换) “those words in the mind into written symbols on paper or keyboard and screen,” the study said. Seeing the words in the “mind’s eye” helps children not only to turn their ideas into words, says Berninger, but also to spot spelling mistakes when they write the words down and to correct then over time. “In our computer age, some people believe that we don’t have to teach spelling because we have spell checks,” she said. “But until a child has a functional spelling ability of about a fifth grade level, they won’t have the knowledge to choose the correct spelling among the options given by the computer.”
正确答案:false

2.Personal computers and the Internet give people new choices about how to spend their time. Some may use this freedom to share less time with certain friends or family members, but new technology will also let them stay in closer touch with those they care most about. I know this from personal experience. E-mail makes it easy to work at home, which is where I now spend most weekends and evenings. My working hours aren’t automatically much shorter than they once were, but I spend fewer of them at the office. This lets me share more time with my young daughter than I might have if she'd been born before electronic mail became such a practical tool. The Internet also makes it easy to share thoughts with a group of friends. Say you do something fun - see a great film, perhaps - and there are four or five friends who might want to hear about it. If you call each one, you may tire of telling the story. With e-mail, you just write one note about your experience, at your convenience, and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience. E-mail is also an inexpensive way to stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use e-mail to keep in touch, even daily touch, with their children off at college. We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don’t eliminate any of the old ways.
正确答案:false

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1.It isn’t very often that the media lead (1)## the same story everywhere in the world. Such an event would have to be of enormous international (2)##. But this is exactly what (3)## in September 2001 (4) ## the terrorist attack on the TwinTowers of the World Trade Center in New York. It is probably not (5)## to say that from that moment the world was a different place. But it is not just the (6)## and international dimension that made 9/11 (7)## and newsworthy. It was the shock and horror too. So striking, so sensational, was the news (8)##, years after the event, many people can still remember exactly (9)## they were and what they were doing when they first heard it. They can remember their own reactions: For many people across the globe their first instinct was to go and tell someone else about it, thus providing (10)## of the old saying that bad news travels fast.
正确答案:false

2.George lived (1)##his own in a flat in south London. He lived alone by (2)##, because he felt (3)##by the stupidity of people and the (4)##of his surroundings. (5)##we all know, London is not a beautiful city today, and the climate is unpleasant. For George, the city was like an over-familiar elderly lady, who in the right light, reminded him (6)##her past beauty, but (7)##had lately become rather tiresome. His lifestyle was modest and his financial circumstances allowed him (8)##his days in an old and comfortable armchair, (9)##a dressing gown and reading great works of literature. (10)##his cynical and pessimistic nature, he especially enjoyed the classic works of travel writing, so that from the deep warmth of his armchair, he could travel in his mind to the farthest reaches of the world.
正确答案:false

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