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华师《英语语言学入门》在线作业-0002

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华师《英语语言学入门》在线作业-0002


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1.( ) is the act performed by or resulting from saying something; it is the consequence of, or the change brought about by the utterance.
A.A locutionary act
B.An illocutionary act
C.A perlocutionary act
D.A performative act
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2.The branch of linguistics that studies how context influences the way speakers interpret sentences is called ( ).
A.semantics
B.pragmatics
C.sociolinguistics
D.psycholinguistics
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3.Language is said to be arbitrary because there is no logical connection between ( ) and meanings.
A.sense
B.sounds
C.objects
D.ideas
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4.The naming theory is advanced by ( ).
A.Plato
B.Bloomfield
C.Geoffrey Leech
D.Firth
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5.As modern linguistics aims to describe and analyze the language people actually use, and not to lay down rules for "correct" linguistic behavior, it is said to be ( ).
A.prescriptive
B.sociolinguistic
C.descriptive
D.psycholinguistic
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6.Grammatical changes may be explained, in part, as analogic changes, which are ( ) or generalization.
A.elaboration
B.simplification
C.external borrowing
D.internal borrowing
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7.A sentence is a ( ) concept, and the meaning of a sentence is often studied in isolation.
A.pragmatic
B.grammatical
C.mental
D.conceptual
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8.The details of any language system is passed on from one generation to the next through ( ), rather than by instinct.
A.learning
B.teaching
C.books
D.both A and B
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9.All the acts that belong to the same category share the same purpose, but they differ ( ).
A.in their illocutionary acts
B.in their intentions expressed
C.in their strength or force
D.in their effect brought about
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10.When any of the maxims under the cooperative principle is flouted, ( ) might arise.
A.impoliteness
B.contradictions
C.mutual understanding
D.conversational implicatures
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1.Which of the followings are diphthongs? ( )
A./e?/
B./a?/
C./?/
D./??/
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2.We study psycholinguistics because ( )
A.to know about psychological reality of linguistic structures
B.to help the aphasics
C.to produce findings which lead to the modification of theoretical ideas
D.to make it a new tool for studying psychology
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3.Which of the followings are velars ? ( )
A.[k]
B.[g]
C.[s]
D.[f]
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4.Features of the language in fictions are: ( )
A.stress and metrical patterning
B.speech and thought presentation
C.prose style
D.analysis of the text
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5.Approachers to syntax can be: ( )
A.the traditional approach
B.the structural approach
C.the functional approach
D.the generative approach
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6.Which of the followings are glides? ( )
A.[b]
B.[w]
C.[e]
D.[j]
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7.Which of the followings are compound words? ( )
A.bookshelf
B.brainwash
C.head
D.nose
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8.Which of the followings are not simple vowels? ( )
A./e?/
B./a?/
C./?:/
D./??/
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9.Which of the followings are dentals?( )
A.[b]
B.[θ]
C.[e]
D.[v]
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10.Which of the followings are not compound words? ( )
A.whale
B.bat
C.sugar
D.greenhouse
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1.Language acquisition is a hot research topic today, and social, cultural, personal factors are also observed to be affecting.( )
T.对
F.错
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2.A compound is the combination of two words.( )
T.对
F.错
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3.Voicing is a phonological feature that distinguishes meaning in both Chinese and English.( )
T.对
F.错
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4.In the history of any language the writing system always came into being before the spoken form.( )
T.对
F.错
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5.In modern linguistic studies, the written form of language is given more emphasis than the spoken form for a number of reasons.( )
T.对
F.错
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6.Phone is a phonological unit.( )
T.对
F.错
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7.Father of modern linguistics is Swiss F. de Saussure.( )
T.对
F.错
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8.Synchronic describes language by analyzing its development through different period of time, while diachronic describes phenomenon of language of a certain period.( )
T.对
F.错
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9.The territory in which the Indo-European languages are mainly spoken today also includes languages that are not Indo-European.( )
T.对
F.错
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10.The compound word "bookstore" is the place where books are sold. This indicates that the meaning of a compound is the sum total of the meanings of its components.( )
T.对
F.错
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